Shaker Style Still a Cabinetry Classic
Tuesday, April 26, 2016
From industrial to contemporary to country, the recessed Shaker panel offers numerous possibilities. At the heart of the Shaker movement were the ideals of plainness, practicality and pride, which reflect strongly in their distinctive furniture. The stability and harmony this cabinetry brings to all styles of spaces make it a classic favorite among cabinetry profiles.
Characteristics. True Shaker cabinetry can seem quite plain in its squareness, due to the frame and panel profile, also known as rail and stile construction. Many variations of the original design have come about since the 1800s, when the Shaker community was in full force. In larger units, the panel can be divided into one or more sections by using pieces known as mid-rails, mid-stiles or muntins.
By choosing the best quality wood they could muster — such as maple, birch and chestnut — the Shaker craftsmen could focus on the functionality of the design and let the timber speak for itself. Walnut timber achieves a flawless look in this kitchen, although this is a much richer looking timber than what was used in their day.
Style. Repetition was king to the Shaker craftsman. Built-in cabinets and drawers create a clean, orderly look. Today, many kitchens have rows of big drawers, which look great with this cabinetry profile.
While the very squared-off rail and stile tends to be the purist approach to the Shaker door, giving the edges a slight bevelled finish has become more popular. This small but effective detail adds a new twist to any kitchen space.
Finishes for Shaker Cabinets
Painted finish. This offers a more contemporary look, allowing you to keep the sharp, squared-off and recessed edges that make the cabinetry intrinsically Shaker. Depending on the type of timber, you may start to see hairline cracks at the joints as wood naturally expands and contracts over time, but this generally does not compromise the door’s strength.
Burnished finish. Applied after this unit was painted, a burnished finish gives it an aged look. Each cabinet is distressed, sanded and then applied with a burnishing stain. This can be a complex treatment, so think it through and discuss the options with a cabinet maker.
Thermofoil finish. Thermofoil, also known as vinyl wrap, adds durability to kitchen cabinetry. Thermofoil laminate is applied to medium-density fiberboard (MDF) using an intense heat and pressure-bonding process.